Rosemary
rosemary_herb_form_by_jfrakes_copy.jpgRosemary.jpg

Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis)

Origin and Description
-The name Rosmarinus is Latin for “dew of the sea”. It was given this name because of its pale blue flowers which resemble dew and because it is often grown near the sea.
They can grow to about 1.5 meters tall and its leaves can be about 3 centimeters long and 2-5 millimeters wide. It’s aromatic leaves are green year round and needle-like and it’s flowers can be white, pink, purple or blue. Furthermore rosemary falls in the Lamiacae family, also known as the mint family.how-to-dry-rosemary-herb.jpg

Growing
-You need to first choose a sheltered position as well as highly drained soil, with allowing the plant plenty of natural sunlight. The shrub becomes rather thick so you need to keep clipping it to keep it in check. In extremely warm weather you should wet the whole plant, not just the roots. In a warm climate it can remain in the same location for up to 30 years, but in climates where freezing temperatures are expected it is best grown in pots so that it can be brought indoors in winter. Rosemary can be basically grown anywhere around the world.
-Although found in the Mediterranean, "The herb was brought to Australia and the United States by British colonists, and we know that it was highly prized in the American colonies, as the plants were brought indoors each winter and carefully tended. Today rosemary is grown in all Mediterranean countries, as well as England, the United States, Mexico and Australia"





Uses
-Rosemary's uses range from decorative to culinary and of course medical.
-It can be used to treat depression, muscle spasms, memory stimulant, headaches, and proper menstrual flow. Too much of the herb can bother the stomach and intestines so you are warned to use it sparingly. The herb is also high in Vitamin B6, Iron, and Calcium.
-You can use the dried leaves as potpourri and in sachets to scent clothes and linen and deter moths.
-Culinarily, rosemary can be used to infuse tea. It can also be used as rub or marinade. Rosemary can be used to stuff chicken or pork. When rosemary is burnt it gives a mustard smell so it may be used in barbecues for flavoring meats.



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Scientific Classification
Rosemary in flower
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Plantae
(unranked):
Angiosperms
(unranked):
Eudicots
(unranked):
Asterids
Order:
Lamiales
Family:
Lamiaceae
Genus:
Rosmarinus
Species:
R. officinalis
Binomial name
Rosmarinus officinalis
L.[1]
This chart was found on the wikipedia site and it explains the scientific classification of "Rosemary"


Types of Rosemary
- The following is different types of rosemary that is cultivated and sold, it was found on (2)

Cultivars
Numerous cultivars have been selected for garden use. The following are frequently sold:
  • 'Albus' – white flowers
  • Arp' – leaves light green, lemon-scented
  • 'Aureus' – leaves speckled yellow
  • 'Benenden Blue' – leaves narrow, dark green
  • 'Blue Boy' – dwarf, small leaves
  • 'Golden Rain' – leaves green, with yellow streaks
  • 'Gold Dust' -dark green leaves, with golden streaks but stronger than Golden Rain
  • 'Irene' – low and lax, trailing, intense blue flowers
  • 'Lockwood de Forest' – procumbent selection from 'Tuscan Blue'
  • Ken Taylor' – shrubby
  • Majorica Pink' – pink flowers
  • Miss Jessop's Upright' – distinctive tall fastigate form, with wider leaves.
  • 'Pinkie' – pink flowers
  • 'Prostratus' - lower groundcover
  • 'Pyramidalis (a.k.a. 'Erectus') – fastigate form, pale blue flowers
  • 'Roseus' – pink flowers
  • 'Salem' – pale blue flowers, cold hardy similar to 'Arp'
  • 'Severn Sea' – spreading, low-growing, with arching branches; flowers deep violet
  • 'Tuscan Blue' – traditional robust upright form
  • 'Wilma's Gold' – yellow leaves
Looking further in detail of the types of rosemary.
1." Pink Rosemary has the thinnest leaves of all our Rosmarinus officinalis plants. Gracefully curved branches are punctuated by short spires that rise randomly like exclamation marks. Even though the flower color is pale, there are so many flowers that they combine and provide a respectable cloud of pink, especially when viewed at a distance. Growing quickly to two feet this plant can be enjoyed in its natural whirlwind state or pruned into a hedge. The small narrow leaves are not the best choice for cooking." (8)
2."Blue Boy Rosemary is the smallest of all the Rosemary varieties. Small leaves and little light blue pearls for flowers, this plant grows out to cover about 12 inches but rarely gets over six inches tall. It can be used for cooking but it takes quite a bit." (8)
3.)"Dancing Waters Rosemary the name alone makes one feel cooler. Shorter and more mounding than our regular Rosemary, Dancing Waters is especially graceful on a hillside. The dark blue flowers cascade down the hill in undulating waves providing a show worthy of rivers everywhere." (8)
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-Although found in the Mediterranean, "The herb was brought to Australia and the United States by British colonists, and we know that it was highly prized in the American colonies, as the plants were brought indoors each winter and carefully tended. Today rosemary is grown in all Mediterranean countries, as well as England, the United States, Mexico and Australia" (5)
-In the picture shown, we see that Rosemary is found to be grown in only 5 states in the US although it still able to be used all over the country.


Sources

1.)"Drug Information Online"
http://www.drugs.com/npp/rosemary.html

2.)"Wikipedia Rosemary"
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosemary

3.)"All about Rosemary" by Sandra Bowens
http://www.apinchof.com/rosemary1066.html

4.)"Gardens Ablaze"
http://www.gardensablaze.com/HerbRosemaryMed.htm

5.)"Rosemary, the scent of inspiration 2/09/2009"
http://gildedfork.com/rosemary-the-scent-of-inspiration/

6.)"Plant Information"
http://www.gardenguides.com/search?q=rosemary&filter=all

7.)"United States Department of Agriculture"
http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ROOF

8.)"Mountain Valley Growers"
http://www.mountainvalleygrowers.com/mvv1-00.htm

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